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This place is known as a hallowed ground of three major Shuken-do (Paths to Mystic Powers) in Japan.
There are many scenic and historic sites and old temples.
It has seasonal beauty.
Beautiful autumn leaves can be seen in fall.
This mountain has been worshipped as the sacred mountain.
It has important monumental heritages.
It consists of magnificent nature and a treasury of animals and plants.

“Mt. Hiko” is the mountain where Tengu (a mythical mountain goblin) lives.

Mt. Hiko is located in Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Park and on the border between Fukuoka and Oita prefectures. It has three peaks; the Kitadake (Northern Peak), the Nakadake (Central Peak), and the Minamidake (Southern Peak). The highest peak is the Nakadake, which is about 1200m. Mt Hiko is one of three major Shuken-do in Japan including Mt. Haguro in Dewa and Mt. Omine in Kumano. Shuken-do flourished through ages. It is known as an ascetic training place where strolling monks practice asceticism. During the height of the Edo era, it was commonly called “Mt Hiko, three thousand eight hundred monks” It is said that 3000 monk-soldiers and 800 monks came. Also, they say that this is the mountain where Tengu lives. Mt. Hiko formed the setting of “Flowers and the Moon,” a famous Noh (Japanese classical masked dance-drama) song, written by Zeami Motokiyo in the Muromachi era. Children who had just become 7 years old were often spirited off in the area of Mt. Hiko, so people believed that Tengu had hidden the children and they were scared of Tengu. “Floors and the Moon” has been handed down as an example of such a belief and became a story of the Noh farce.

The Origin of “Mt. Hiko”

“Mt. Hiko” has been thought of as sacred mountain since ancient times. The enshrined deity is Ameno-Oshiho-Miminokoto, a son of the God of Sun, Amaterasu-Omikami. Thus, “日の子の山(Hi no ko no Yama): the mountain of Sun’s son,” was called “日子山 (Hikosan). After the two letters “日子(Hiko)” were changed to “彦(Hiko)” by the Emperor Saga’s edict in Kounin 10 (A.D. 819), the letter “英” was added to the name and became “英彦山” (Hikosan) by the Emperor Reigen’s command in Kyouhou 14 (1729).


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